The New Republic, 1800-1828


Essential Questions:

   ~    How do tensions and interactions between powerful and marginalized groups support or challenge the established structure, in resisting or promoting change in all aspects of society?
    ~    When and how does the economy develop from being agrarian to industrial and, ultimately, global?
    ~    How can individuals influence the course of history?
    ~    How does the US interact with other nations and how is American foreign policy shaped by domestic issues?
    ~    What is the "American Dream" and for whom was it possible?


Unit Questions:

   ~   How was westward expansion connected to technological and economic change? Which came first?
   ~   How did the Hartford Convention highlight still-simmering discontent about the power of the federal government?
What was the real significance of the War of 1812?



16. Jeffersonian Republicanism. Brody, pp. 202-212;  Doc. 7-9, Thomas Jefferson, "A Message to Congress;" Review “The Duel” in Founding Brothers
Discussion questions:
Jefferson claimed that his election was as much a revolution in spirit as that in 1776 had been in form. What does that mean? Do you agree?
How did Jefferson’s policies and program differ from Washington’s and Adams’?

To be handed in: Did Jefferson abandon Republican ideals once he became president? Explain. (10 pts)

To be handed in on #18: Begin a matrix chart detailing the policies of each president (beginning with Washington and ending with Madison) in the following ways: the economy, national debt, the judiciary, the military, and foreign policy. To be handed in when you take your DBQ. (20 pts.)

17. American Nationalism and the War of 1812. Brody, pp. 212-223;

Discussion Questions:
Was Madison's policy prudent? Explain.
How did the actions of Indians impact the war and what was at stake for them?
Is it accurate to call this America's "second war of independence," as many historians do, considering that it's not even mentioned in European history texts? 
Those gathered at the Hartford Convention claimed they were acting in the interests of the greater good. Based upon their resolutions, is this a reasonable assertion?  
Why is Marbury v. Madison considered to be such a pivotal development in American law and politics? Locate the constitutional passages in the text of Marshall's decision. Do you agree with his position or with Jefferson's?

18. Industry in the northeast.  Brody, pp. 261-278, pp. 292-301; Document 9-1 (Calculating the Value of Children's Labor, 1816); Document 9-2 (A Mill Worker Describes Her Work and Life, 1844); Document 9-4 (The "Factory Girls", 1844-45).

Discussion questions:
Why did manufacturing originate in the northeast? What individuals do you associate with its beginnings? What groups intensified this process?
Who was in the labor force? How were they treated? Was the American experience different from that of Europe? If so, for how long?
This is the age of the “transportation revolution.” How did specific modes of transportation (roads, canals) fundamentally change the economy?
How did these changes affect political participation? Where did people migrate to, and why? What were the effects?

19. Changes in social structure. Brody, pp. 278-287; Document 9-8 (Brownson, The Laboring Classes, 1840).

Discussion questions:
How equal was “economic opportunity” in the US in this period?  Does it appear that one could move from rags to riches in his lifetime?
What patterns developed in the distribution of wealth and property? How do we know this?
To what extent was the US stratified into social classes? How big and important was the middle class?

20. Republicanism in the new republic. Brody, pp. 231-253.

Discussion Questions:
How did the issue of “revolutionary republicanism” manifest itself in the ensuing decades?
Did the status of white males support the ideal of “democratic republicanism?” White females? Free black males?
To what extent was slavery integral to the system of “aristocratic republicanism?”
What were the main features of the significance of the Second Great Awakening and why is the movement
significant? Were its values consistent with the economic revolution?
How did the Missouri Statehood Crisis intensity sectional tensions?
Could women’s status be viewed as both limited and exalted? Explain why or why not.

DBQ on material covered in this unit on FRIDAY, OCT. 30th
Students will be expected to incorporate material from the summer reading into their writing on this test.